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rapperbot-malware

Analysis

On 3rd August 2022, Fortinet published a blog on the rapidly evolving malware “Rapperbot”, the threat researchers from FortiGuard labs have been tracking the bot since mid-June which uses the source code from the Miraibot.

As per the analysis of researchers, it targets devices with ARM, MIPS, SPARC and x86 architectures, the Rapperbot initially looks for the SSH servers, then it starts brute force credentials for the authentication of SSH servers.

The threat researchers found that the bot can brute the SSH server which supports Diffie-Hellmann key exchange with 768-bit or 2048-bit keys and data encryption using AES128-CTR, previously it was seen the bot brute forces credentials which were encoded with it, from July based on the samples obtained by researchers the bot gets the credential list from a C2 server, once rapperbot gets credentials it reports to C2 server.

The threat researchers also observed that the Rapperbot replaces the public keys of legitimate users with the threat actor's SSH public key, where the threat actor can authenticate to the SSH server, due to this legitimate user suffers from a denial of service to the SSH server.

In the latest rapperbot samples, it adds the root user as “suhelper” to the compromised server, which further allows taking complete control of the SSH server by the threat actor.

 

Prevention

  • Create a strong passphrase password or a strong password using multiple characters for authentication.
  • Disable password authentication for SSH wherever possible.

 

Detection

As the bot was targeting the Linux-based servers, configure the syslog to store logs of commands executed, here as the indicator of the rapperbot, we can see that it adds suhelper as a root user, based on this activity by the bot, and creates a detection rule in the detection tools to detect the bot.

 

Indicators of Compromise (IOCs)

(i) File Hashes

92ae77e9dd22e7680123bb230ce43ef602998e6a1c6756d9e2ce5822a09b37b4

a31f4caa0be9e588056c92fd69c8ac970ebc7e85a68615b1d9407a954d4df45d

e8d06ac196c7852ff71c150b2081150be9996ff670550717127db8ab855175a8

23a415d0ec6d3131f1d537836d3c0449097e98167b18fbdbf2efca789748818a

c83f318339e9c4072010b625d876558d14eaa0028339db9edf12bbcafe6828bb

05c78eaf32af9647f178dff981e6e4e43b1579d95ccd4f1c2f1436dbfa0727ad

88bbb772b8731296822646735aacbfb53014fbb7f90227b44523d7577e0a7ce6

e8f1e8ec6b94ea54488d5f714e71e51d58dcdfe4be3827c55970d6f3b06edf73

23256f231f3d91b0136b44d649b924552607a29b43a195024dbe6cde5b4a28ad

77b2e5fb5b72493bde35a6b29a66e6250b6a5a0c9b9c5653957f64a12c793cd5

dcdeedee4736ec528d1a30a585ec4a1a4f3462d6d25b71f6c1a4fef7f641e7ae

ebb860512a55c1cdc8be1399eec44c4481aedb418f15dbda4612e6d38e9b9010

9d234e975e4df539a217d1c4386822be1f56cea35f7dd2aa606ae4995894da42

1975851c916587e057fa5862884cbac3fa1e80881ddd062392486f5390c86865

8380321c1bd250424a0a167e0f319511611f73b53736895a8d3a2ad58ffcd5d5

f5ff9d1261af176d7ff1ef91aa8c892c70b40caa02c17a25de22539e9d0cdd26

2298071b6ba7baa5393be064876efcdbd9217c212e0c764ba62a6f0ffc83cc5a

2479932a6690f070fa344e5222e3fbb6ad9c880294d5b822d7a3ec27f1b8b8d5

1d5e6624a2ce55616ef078a72f25c9d71a3dbc0175522c0d8e07233115824f96

746106403a98aea357b80f17910b641db9c4fedbb3968e75d836e8b1d5712a62

ddf5aff0485f395c7e6c3de868b15212129962b4b9c8040bef6679ad880e3f31

e56edaa1e06403757e6e2362383d41db4e4453aafda144bb36080a1f1b899a02

55ff25b090dc1b380d8ca152428ba28ec14e9ef13a48b3fd162e965244b0d39b

8e9f87bb25ff83e4ad970366bba47afb838028f7028ea3a7c73c4d08906ec102

d86d158778a90f6633b41a10e169b25e3cb1eb35b369a9168ec64b2d8b3cbeec

ff09cf7dfd1dc1466815d4df098065510eec504099ebb02b830309067031fe04

 

(ii) Download URLs

hxxp://31[.]44[.]185[.]235/x86

hxxp://31[.]44[.]185[.]235/mips

hxxp://31[.]44[.]185[.]235/arm7

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/arm

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/spc

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/mips

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/x86_64

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/ssh/arm7

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/ssh/mips

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/ssh/x86

hxxp://2[.]58[.]149[.]116/ssh/spc

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/spc

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/x86

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/mips

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/arm7

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/arm

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/x86

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/mips

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/arm7

hxxp://194[.]31[.]98[.]244/ssh/new/arm

hxxp://185[.]225[.]73[.]196/ssh/new/arm

hxxp://185[.]225[.]73[.]196/ssh/new/arm7

hxxp://185[.]225[.]73[.]196/ssh/new/mips

hxxp//185[.]225[.]73[.]196/ssh/new/x86

 

(iii) C2

31[.]44[.]185[.]235

2[.]58[.]149[.]116

194[.]31[.]98[.]244

185[.]225[.]73[.]196

 

(iv) Threat Actor SSH public key

AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAACAQC/yU0iqklqw6etPlUon4mZzxslFWq8G8sRyluQMD3i8tp

QWT2cX/mwGgSRCz7HMLyxt87olYIPemTIRBiyqk8SLD3ijQpfZwQ9vsHc47hdTBfj89FeHJGGm1

KpWg8lrXeMW+5jIXTFmEFhbJ18wc25Dcds4QCM0DvZGr/Pg4+kqJ0gLyqYmB2fdNzBcU05QhhW

W6tSuYcXcyAz8Cp73JmN6TcPuVqHeFYDg05KweYqTqThFFHbdxdqqrWy6fNt8q/cgI30NBa5W2

LyZ4b1v6324IEJuxImARIxTc96Igaf30LUza8kbZyc3bewY6IsFUN1PjQJcJi0ubVLyWyyJ554Tv8BB

fPdY4jqCr4PzaJ2Rc1JFJYUSVVT4yX2p7L6iRpW212eZmqLMSoR5a2a/tO2s1giIlb+0EHtFWc2QH

7yz/ZBjnun7opIoslLVvYJ9cxMoLeLr5Ig+zny+IEA3x090xtcL62X0jea6btVnYo7UN2BARziisZze6o

VuOTCBijuyvOM6ROZ6s/wl4CQAOSLDeFIP5L1paP9V1XLaYLDBAodNaUPFfTxggH3tZrnnU8Dge

5/1JNa08F3WNUPM1S1x8L2HMatwc82x35jXyBSp3AMbdxMPhvyYI8v2J1PqJH8OqGTVjdWe40

mD2osRgLo1EOfP/SFBTD5VEo95K2ZLQ==

 

(v) Threat Actor root user

/etc /passwd suhelper:x:0:0::/:

/etc /shadow suhelper:$1$1OJBlhUV$E9DMK0xdoZb8W8wVOibPQ/:19185:0:99999:7:::

 

References

Fortinet

 

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